Questioning Strategies in the Classroom



Einstein's 55 Minutes by Donna Shrum (ASCD). "Questions and their solutions are the basis of all learning. A good question generates energy and invites exploration," writes teacher Donna Shrum. In a recent ASCD Express article, Shrum explains that an instructor who has mastered when and how to ask questions can create learning situations that build confidence for all students. She also shares tips for successful questioning. 

Five Strategies for Questioning with Intention by Arthur L. Costa and Bena Kallick (ASCD). Because imitation is one of the most powerful forms of learning, much of what students learn about questioning and problem-posing is a result of the teacher's modeling. By asking questions strategically with specific goals in mind, teachers can lead students to deeper levels of learning. In this Educational Leadership article, Art Costa and Bena Kallick discuss how you can become more purposeful in designing and posing questions that foster student learning. 

How to Bring ‘More Beautiful’ Questions Back to School by Katrina Schwartz (MindShift). Children ask thousands of questions -- about 40,000 between ages 2 and 5, says author and innovation expert Warren Berger. Berger questions why older children stop asking as many questions and how adults -- parents and teachers -- can encourage students to ask more questions

How to Make Your Questions Essential by Grant Wiggins and Denise Wilbur (ASCD). 7 ways to make your questions essential. The well-known aphorism that "writing is revision" applies particularly well to crafting essential questions. They rarely arise in a first draft, but can be honed to foster the kinds of inquiries, discussions, and reflections that help students find meaning in their learning and achieve deeper thought and better quality in their work. This Educational Leadership article by Denise Wilbur and the late Grant Wiggins shares seven ways to hone your questions. 

Road Tested / Chunk-Challenge-Chew-Chat-Check by Emily Mather (ASCD). "We need to strategically design our lessons to include manageable amounts of content, intentional questioning and tasks that give students time to process and discuss their responses," writes instructional coach Emily Mather. In a recent Education Update article, Mather explains the five-phase model that can promote engagement and discussion in your classroom. 

The Right Questions, The Right Way by Dylan Wiliam (ASCD)

The tyranny of the “right” answer by Jim Dillon (SmartBlog). There is a difference between performing and learning in the classroom, writes Jim Dillon, director of the Center for Leadership and Bullying Prevention and a former educator and administrator. In this blog post, he offers 10 ways to tell the difference and asserts that true learning comes when teachers focus less on students having the "right" answer. 

Teaching FOR and WITH Critical Thinking by Mindy Keller-Kyriakides (ASCD). "If we want students to think critically, we're going to have to let them determine the questions because that's what journalists, biographers, poets, researchers, etc. usually do," writes Florida educator Mindy Keller-Kyriakides. In her recent ASCD EDge blog post, she compares the practice of "thinking" versus "critical thinking" as a student and explains how teachers must encourage their students to self-evaluate their thinking so they can begin analyzing situations critically. 

What to Question in a Question by Umair Qureshi (ASCD). In this blog on Inservice, 2015 ASCD Emerging Leader Umair Quereshi, a physics teacher in Islamabad, Pakistan, explains why questioning is considered one of the most powerful instructional techniques. He explains that questioning is vital to gaining more information and communicating effectively as we all ask and are asked questions when engaging in conversation. Quereshi walks readers through five steps he has learned over the last 15 years that can help teachers refine the skill of questioning each day. 

Who's Talking? by Mark Patton (ASCD Edge). Patton reflects on the school year and presents strategies to get discussions flowing in your classroom.




Let's Switch Questioning Around by Cris Tovani (ASCD). To promote deep learning, remember that students' questions matter most. In the September issue of Educational Leadership, Cris Tovani writes that to promote deep learning, educators must remember that students' questions matter most and challenges educators to allow students to ask questions more often. She explains why student questions are so important and proceeds to give advice on how to get students to ask questions, how to understand what student questions tell you, and what questions teachers should ask. 

Questioning for learning, questioning for life by Josh Patterson and Ashley Roberts (ASCD). Increasing the use of student questioning can be highly successful when an entire faculty is committed to the same goals, but does not require a schoolwide effort. Through some simple but highly engaging strategies, any educator can promote inquiry and meaningful questioning. In this blog post on Inservice, Josh Patterson and Ashley Roberts offer strategies that can be utilized as stand-alone practices and activities just as well as they can be woven into a larger inquiry-based unit of study. 

Teaching Questioning Skills to Arm Students for Learning by Starr Sackstein (Ed Week Teacher). Who holds the power in your classroom? Starr Sackstein says that it's often the person asking the questions-so teach students to do it better. 



on as




The six radical secrets of a more productive classroom (SMH)




#7 Questioning Skills: Wait Time Positively MAD (UK)

#8 Questioning Skills: Open & Closed Questions Positively MAD (UK)

#9 Questioning Skills: Responding to Questions Positively MAD (UK)


The Classroom Experiment. A damaging classroom habit hands up (BBC)

The Classroom Experiment. Lollipop sticks (BBC)

The Classroom Experiment. Changing teaching practice is difficult (BBC)


Dylan Wiliam, Content Then Process (Solution Tree)


Questioning Styles and Strategies (Dr Harvey Silver)


Using Questioning to Develop Understanding (Teaching Channel)




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